education.uwsp.edu >

College Days for Kids
Spring 2016

Digital Storytelling: Games, Movies, & More

Intro: The Power of Stories

Some scientists study animals, or chemicals, or the Earth's climate. I study video games and other media.

Question What does it mean to study media?

.

.

I'm a psychologist

The Story of Animal School

A puzzle...

Puzzle Piece We like stories. Why? (What motivates us to choose stories?)

Big Idea Puzzle Piece Stories are useful: stories store and share information in an interesting and memorable way.

Here's a more detailed story that's interesting and memorable...

How We Experience Stories

Harry Potter Harry Potter

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, p. 812-816 PDF

Question How else can we experience this story?

Plot & Character

Beyond Good Evil

What are stories made from?

Setting

Character

Plot

All stories have these same ingredients and structure, yet stories can still being interesting and surprising.

Two Clues...

Big Idea Puzzle Piece We like stories because we can experience exciting, scary, &/or wonderful things -- experiences beyond our normal lives.

Big Idea Puzzle Piece Stories can affect how we see ourselves and other people, in positive and negative ways.

Let's look at a specific kind of story...

Basic Game Design

Question What makes a good video game?

Sims 3

Good gameplay: "a series of interesting choices" (Will Wright)

Series of Choices

Series of Choices: Zelda

Big Idea Choices and consequences are part of most stories. For example, a character might lie, and the lie creates a problem for the character.

Skill vs. Chance

Mario Kart

Many designers aim for balance

Big Idea Some video games adapt based on your skill.

Big Idea Skill and chance are part of most stories. Many heroes are very skilled, and they're also very lucky.

Challenges & Rewards

Mario Bros Wii

Pacing

A clue...

Big Idea Puzzle Piece We like challenge because we discover our abilities and our identity, and we can change both. Also, challenge creates a story.

Check In #1

Clicker Let's check your learning.

How do we overcome challenges in games and other stories...?

Imagination & Creativity

Imagination brings stories to life in our minds.

Big Idea Creativity is how we overcome some challenges in games and other stories.

For example, we need creativity to solve the mystery in a book or movie.

Creativity is also how we invent new stories.

Practicing Imagination & Creativity

Toy Story

Paper Bag Princess

Katamari Damacy

Growing Your Imagination & Creativity: The Trying Trio

Trying Trio

Three desirable behaviors form what we call the "Trying Trio": admitting ignorance, taking risks, and making mistakes. These behaviors are desirable because they catalyze learning. Learners who confront their ignorance and actively experiment with answers and strategies will learn faster than learners who conceal their ignorance and only passively observe.

Buchanan, K., & Cook, P. (Winter 2011-2012). Playing the Believing Game with Dr. Seuss and reluctant learners. The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning, 17: 31-41.

Question How will Trying Trio behaviors help you be more creative?

How do we create new stories? Imagine exciting, scary, &/or wonderful experiences

Trying Trio What have we not done? Where have we not gone? What assumptions or prejudices can we challenge?

Once we create stories, they can change the world...

Stories Create Culture

Clicker Let me prove it to you.

Question Why do you know these people? Why do you know these characters?

Big Idea Your stories are part of your culture, including when you were born and how old you are now.

A clue...

Big Idea Puzzle Piece Stories create culture: they store and share values.

How we experience a story affects how we use our imagination. I'll use video games as an example...

How Video Games Work

Big Idea Digital media gives us new ways to communicate with the story and with each other.

Input/Output (I/O)

Nintendo 3DS

Computer 2 Way Player

Trying Trio I/O can be a big part of the experience.

Kinect Sensor

Simulation

Civilization 5

Simplified versions or models of complex things

Simulation is the "sim" in The Sims

Simulated physics are a big part of sports & racing games

Simulation is a big part of most action, sci-fi, and fantasy movies

Artificial "Intelligence"

Computers can't think in the way humans can

Characters in video games use conditionals & states to "think"

Final Fantasy 12

Example #1

  1. If ( Enemy Spotted)
    1. Then ( Attack Enemy)
  2. If ( Friend Hurt )
    1. Then ( Heal Friend )

Example #2

  1. If ( Friend Hurt )
    1. Then ( Heal Friend )
  2. If ( Enemy Spotted)
    1. Then ( Attack Enemy )

Combined Arms

Combined Arms

Rock, Paper, Scissors

Wouldn't it be great to have all three?

Big Ideas Combined arms is two or more characters/units/groups working together to balance their strengths and weaknesses.

To work together, a team needs:

my EVE character

In the game EVE Online, I played a character who helped lead an alliance of many other player-characters. We used combined arms to overcome challenges.

Trying Trio In my EVE alliance, we experimented and learned together.

Big Idea Combined arms are part of many stories, maybe because teamwork it's a very exciting part of being human.

For example, in the Harry Potter series, consider how Harry, Ron, and Hermione balance their strengths and weaknesses.

Big Idea Part of the idea of democracy like the USA is balancing our strengths and weaknesses.

A clue...

Big Idea Puzzle Piece We like to interact with the computer and with each other in new ways, because this creates new challenges and new stories.

Check In #2

ChecklistLet's check your learning.

If all this sounds like fun, maybe it's something you want to do when you grow up...

Careers in Media & Tech

What are some jobs in digital storytelling (e.g., in video games)?

Avengers Cast

Avengers Cast retrieved 31 Mar 2014 from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e9/The_Avengers_Cast_2010_Comic-Con_cropped.jpg

Tips for Getting a Job in Digital Media

Little Big Planet

Study these subjects

Try creating media

Counter Strike

Most digital stories are created by teams of dozens or hundreds of people.

Big Idea Develop your leadership, teamwork, and organization skills.

Big Idea Challenge assumptions and prejudices. For example, boys can be artists and girls can be programmers.

Think Deeper

Experience lots of different digital stories

Big Idea Don't just play... think! Think about the choices the creators made: setting, characters, story, art & graphics, sound & music, marketing, etc.

Trying Trio What is new or different? What risks did the creators take? How does the media give you ownership of mistakes?

Big Idea Understanding storytelling is the most important skill. (That's why creating non-video games will help you create better video games.)

The Internet Changes Everything

Angry Birds

An individual or small team can create and publish their stories using the internet.

The team doesn't even need to be in the same place.

Trying Trio Small stories take less time and money, so creators can experiment more.

Kindle

Customers can download stories directly from a website, or through marketplaces like app stores.

Review & Closure

Puzzle Piece We like stories. Why?

Puzzle Piece Stories are useful: stories store and share information in an interesting and memorable way.

Puzzle Piece We like stories because we can experience exciting, scary, &/or wonderful things -- experiences beyond our normal lives.

Puzzle Piece Stories can affect how we see ourselves and other people, in positive and negative ways.

Puzzle Piece We like challenge because we discover our abilities and our identity, and we can change both. Also, challenge creates a story.

Puzzle Piece Stories create culture: they store and share values.

Puzzle Piece We like to interact with the computer and with each other in new ways, because this creates new challenges and new stories.

Closure: What Next?

Okami

Big Idea We have only just started telling stories with digital media.

There are many different exciting, scary, &/or wonderful experiences in the world.

Big Idea When you have an idea for a story, save it. Even if you're not happy with it, save it.

An idea may need more work, or it may need a lot more work. But every idea has potential.

Trying Trio At the heart of every great story is an unusual, special, powerful idea. Plant your ideas and grow them into stories.

Thank you for visiting UWSP!

Please put the clickers and handouts back in a pile. Remember to take your stuff when you leave.

I used to think I was indecisive, but now I'm just not sure. -Unknown (more quotes)

Created by Kym Buchanan | http://KymBuchanan.org | This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Creative Commons License Diversity Rainbow Tolerance AIDS Awareness Ribbon breast cancer awareness hemp education not slideware CSS: General Presentation

Some content and curriculum based on work by: Maysee Herr, Rand Spiro, Lisa Bardon, Quinn Stanley, Larry Riggs, Pat Shaw, Sue Slick, and others at the University of Wisconsin Stevens Point. Unattributed images are the work of the author or taken from Microsoft PowerPoint.

Last revised 6/8/16